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About Moldova

 

Moldova is a picturesque country with an interesting history and many places to visit. The official name is the Republic of Moldova. Geographic coordinates: 45o28’ - 48o28’ N, 26o40’ - 30o06’ E
Even though it is very close to the Black Sea, the Republic of Moldova is a small landlocked state in Eastern Europe, North East of Romania.  It covers a surface of 33,843 sq km and borders to Ukraine in north, east and south, and Prut River separates Moldova from Romania in the west. The largest part of the country lies between Nistru and Prut. Danube River is the only outlet to the Black Sea for Moldova. The Republic of Moldova has a population of 3,938,679 (2004 Moldovan census) that makes it one of the most densely populated republics of the former USSR. About 75.8% consider themselves Moldovans, 8,3% Ukrainians, 5,9% Russians, 4,4% Gagauzians, 2,2% Romanians, 1,9% Bulgarians and 1,4% others. The prevailing denomination is Eastern Orthodox Christians that has 95,5% believers in Moldova.

Interesting facts about Moldova

  • The territory of modern day Moldova has been populated since ancient times. Archeological evidence confirms the existence of humans in this place since the Stone Age. During the Copper Age, the Cucuteni-Trypillian culture thrived here, practicing agriculture, raising livestock, hunting, and making pottery. The society built large settlements, some numbering up to 15,000 inhabitants.
  • Moldova is placed the 12th among the top world wine exporter
  • Vine growing and wine making in Moldova counts for almost 5,000 years. The largest underground wine cellar in the world, Cricova, is “hidden” in this country.
  • The Milestii Mici’s wine collection of 1.5 million bottles has been included in the Guinness World Records at the category The Largest Quality Wine Collection in the World.
  • The Strong Drinks Museum in Tirnauca village is the largest building in the world in the shape of a bottle (28m).
  • There are 30 monasteries (some of them dating back to 15th century) and wood churches.
  • The second official language of Gagauzia, situated in the south of Moldova, is a dying out language, with only 200,000 speakers.
  • The Cave “Emil Racovita”, in Criva, is the 8th greatest cave on the planet.
  • During the Soviet Union period Moldova was the most densely populated republic.
  • The greatest ruler of Moldova, Stefan cel Mare, (1457-1504) won 34 wars out of 36 fought.
  • Moldova is one of only three national flags that differ on their obverse and reverse sides – the others are Paraguay and Saudi Arabia.
  • Out of 152 countries included in the ranking of Internet access speed, Moldova is on the 3rd place.
  • Congaz is the largest village in Europe.
  • In the time of the USSR Soroca became the Gipsy capital of the world.
  • The oldest oak tree here is 600 years old.
  • There are more than 40 parks in Moldova (old arrangements of different tree species, exotic plants and lakes) from which 20 are in good repair.
  • The biggest park is Taul Natural Reservation (46 ha), offering quiet and beautiful settings. There are more than 385 of such protected zones, the most interesting places being the caves and the coral formations.

Practical Information

Local currency: The local currency in Moldova is the Moldovan Lei (MDL).

Vaccinations: No specific vaccinations are required for Moldova.

Time Differences: The Republic of Moldova is in the Eastern European Time Zone GMT+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time). Daylight saving time GMT+3, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October. 

Please see the local time in Moldova: http://localtimes.info/Europe/Moldova/

Electric Power Voltage: Electric Power Voltage in Moldova is 240V and the electrical frequency is 50 Hz.  The plugs used in Moldova are C or E or F.

Weather: Moldova's climate is moderately continental: The summers are warm and long, with temperatures averaging about 20 °C (68 °F), and the winters are relatively mild and dry, with January temperatures averaging −4 °C (25 °F).

Please see the weather in Moldova: http://www.wunderground.com

In case of emergency

The emergency number in Moldova is the 112 - the European emergency number.

Useful links

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Moldova:                                                 
http://www.mfa.gov.md/entry-visas-moldova/

Weather information: 
http://www.moldovaholiday.travel/en/essential-information/weather

Map of Moldova: 

http://www.moldovaholiday.travel/en/guide/map

 

About Chisinau

 

Chisinau is the capital of Moldova. It is the largest city of the country and its political, administrative, economic and cultural center. The name Chisinau comes from Romanian word "chisla noua" which refers to a spring on the corner of Pushkin and Albisoara streets around which the original city was built. The capital of Moldova is considered to be one of the greenest cities in Europe. Nowadays the population of Chisinau is more than 700 000 inhabitants. As the population grew the city also grew in its territory and in a certain time there appeared need to divide city in sectors. Chisinau is currently divided into 5 sectors: Centru (translated from Romanian as "center"; this is the oldest part of the city), Riscani, Botanica, Ciocana and Buiucani. The first time Chisinau was mentioned in historical documents was on 17 July 1436. It got the status as a city in 1818 soon after becoming a part of Russian Empire. Chisinau became a capital city in 1940 when the Moldavian Soviet Socialistic Republic was established. After USSR dissolution Chisinau was declared as the capital city of Moldova.

Interesting facts about Chisinau

  • Chisinau is the most economically prosperous locality in Moldova and its largest transportation hub. As the most economically and socially important municipality in Moldova, the city has a broad range of educational facilities.
  • Founded in 1436 as a monastery village, the city was part of the Principality of Moldavia which, starting with the 16th century fell under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Many streets of Chisinau are named after historic persons, places or events. Independence from the Soviet Union was followed by a large-scale renaming of streets and localities from a Communist theme into a national one.
  • Chisinau is located on the river Bîc, a tributary of the Dniester, with an area of 120 square kilometres (46 sq mi). The municipality comprises 635 square kilometres (245 sq mi).

  • The city lies in central Moldova and is surrounded by a relatively level landscape with very fertile ground. This has allowed for the cultivation of grapevines and fruit since medieval times.

  • Chisinau is the seat of the Moldovan Orthodox Church, as well as of the Metropolis of Bessarabia. The city has multiple churches and synagogues.

  • Chisinau growth plan was developed in the 19th century. In 1836 the construction of the cathedral and its belfry was finished. The belfry was demolished in Soviet times and was rebuilt in 1997.

Useful links

Information about Chisinau: 
http://www.moldovaholiday.travel/en/guide/cities-towns/chisinau-travel-guide

About Chisinau in Russian: 
http://www.moldovaholiday.travel/ru/